Buddhism, Psychiatry and Chronic Disease: The Role of Mindfulness in Modern Medicine

by Dr Samantha Batt – Rawden


The majority of these studies show a significant stress reduction and increases in psychological wellbeing following Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction. However there is very little definitive evidence for such a benefit. Although many studies do employ the use of a control group often controls were recruited from the waiting list to receive MBSR. This may bias the results of such studies as these subjects; clearly those interested in MBSR are more likely to believe it has a clinical benefit. Aside from the clear methodological problems associated with a lack of a control group, much of the available literature suffers from further flaws which only serve to limit the generalisability and validity of the reported results. These include: use of unvalidated tools to measure outcomes and failure to control for confounding variables such as concurrent treatment and arbitrary determination of the primary outcome measure as evidence for clinical response.

This literature review highlights the need for large trials and methodologically sound research. Yet there is evidence to suggest the potential promise of mindfulness as an effective intervention for enhancing the psychological and spiritual wellbeing of patients with wide range of medical disorders and psychiatric diagnoses, and for health care professionals. Whilst the biological basis of both medical and psychiatric disease is advancing exponentially, as we understand more about the human brain questions are raised as to the basis of the mind, and the interface between psychiatry, psychology, philosophy and spirituality becomes ever more interesting. This, and its concurrent growing popularity, might suggest there is a role, alongside more traditional treatments, for MBSR in modern medicine.



The 3 Phases of DMT

A Detailed Guide to Dimethyltryptamine, the Spirit Molecule

By: Josh Mur

From blasting off through a dark tunnel to encounters with the divine, Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) has been notorious for sending its users into otherworldly places and experiences. Let’s start with a basic question.
What is DMT?

DMT is a naturally produced chemical compound found in an array of mammals and plant life.
In humans, it is believed that the Pineal Gland in the brain produces this chemical during REM sleep and death, although this theory has yet to be fully confirmed.

While the production of DMT in the brain is a mystery, the effects it has on human consciousness is much more of an enigma. What one has to understand is the intensity and dreamlike nature of the DMT experience convolutes how well it is processed by the user. Therefore, it is hard to give a definitive answer as to whether or not the experience has a general order to it. Although the experiences and their results are quite subjective, I believe through several encounters with DMT and information I’ve gathered from fellow explorers that I have been able to map out 3 common phases of a DMT trip. Here I will give a brief description of each stage and what I believe they mean. I’d like to ask the reader to keep in mind that these are not absolute “rules” to the experience; this is simply a theory I have developed in attempts to understand an astonishing spiritual experience.